Friday, December 10, 2010

Turkey Dinner Fundraiser Report

The 2010 Fundraiser Dinner on November 6 was another successful event. We wish to thank all those who attended: particularly the 25 or so hikers from the Mississippi Trails Hiking Club (Thanks, Howard Higley), the 15 or so from Roosevelt School (Thanks, Stephanie Yager), and the 15 or so associated with the Larry Troester "Fan Club"! (Thanks, Larry!)

The meal this year included the addition of creamy mashed potatoes that were a hit. And, the cranberry recipes keep getting better and better! Many praises were heard regarding the quality of the meal. Some foods and their contributors included:

Turkeys: Jane Worm (3) and Charlie Winterwood
Cranberries: Terrie Lenger, Sheila Schultz, Margreet Ryan
Dressing: Kevin Kane
Mashed Potatoes: Alaine Jamison, Jane Worm, Butchie Thompson
Desserts: Mike Muir, Jim Fahrion, Ann Ernst, Barb Cooey, Sheila Schultz, Linda Schroeder, Becky Reisch, Butchie Thompson, and several anonymous donors!

[We'll surely miss others, now, also:]

Door and Pumpkin Carving Prizes were contributed by Jack Rolling, Margreet Ryan, Barb Cooey, Dick and Jane Worm.
Cash Contributions came from Carol and Lee McClenahan, J. Ryan, Dave Hansn, Dick Weber, and Anonymous. (In Kind: some Jane Worm foods.)
Friday set-up helpers included Charlie Winterwood and Buck Schultz.
Saturday's (Early Help) was Becky Reisch, who also was among the numerous kitchen helpers during the Dinner and who took over the "command post" for a while when Jane Worm cut her finger!
Take down and Van Loading helpers included Stephanie Yager, Gary and Butchie Thompson, and many more during that hubub. THANKS ALL!

Sierra Club Calendars Still For Sale

Six wall calendars (featuring majestic scenes from around our nation) for $10 and five Engagement Calendars (featuring unique views of animals, plants, snow, sky, rocks, reflections, and more) for $11 are still available. Great as a Sierra Club gift and for keeping a daily record of activity and upcoming Sierra Club outings and meetings! Bargain prices contribute to our fundraising total. Free delivery! To order your 2010 calendars, contact Dick Worm.

Newsletter Mailing

The mailing label count for this newsletter is 329. 126 are Dubuque; 62 are Decorah. Oelwein has 10; Guttenberg has 8. Bellevue, Waukon, and West Union have 7. 6 go to Maquoketa and Crexco. Durango, Elkader, and Manchester each get 5. 4 go to Bernard, Peosta, Calmar, and Lansing. Dyersville, Sherrill, and Strawberry Point receive 3. 12 ZIP codes receive 2; 24 other ZIP codes get 1 apiece.

If you would care to get involved with contacting fellow Sierrans near you for carpooling or outing/event planning in your region, let an EXCOM member know and we'll help you make the contacts.

Cell phone calling makes member contact more convenient now, but our EXCOM has not made that a priority as we leave it up to our members to participate and contribute as they wish; but we do have a yearning to get to know more of our members and their conservation and environmental interests.

Add a note with your EXCOM election ballot. Let us know your Sierra motivations and activity interests. Our state & nation will face rough times ahead regaring conservation priorities so sharing our visions and common values will help encourage involvement with the fate of nature's offerings.

More Turkey Dinner Details

Prizes and Recipients included:

Roosevelt Middle School Pumpkin Carving Awards
Grossest: Tiger Torres "Dangling Eyeball"
Most Work: Kendra Diemst
Traditional: Pooja Patel
Honorable Mentions included pumpkins featuring an Iowa Tiger Hawk, the most feathers, the biggest mouth, and the best motor skills by the carver so the youth received a simple prize but also a barbecue set and beverage insulating coozies were selected.

Door prizes and recipients who selected that prize:
Rain coat: Cole Kass
Candy Jar: Kyrea Kass
Two River Museum passes: Jennifer Thompson
"Making a Difference" t-shirts: Jim Clancy and Bill Misko
Stocking cap and scarf: Ruth Clancy
Framed stained glass duck: Joan Higley
Cook and bake pan set: Karen Chesterman
Metal water bottle: Dave Weitz
Knit cap: Jan Zivognovich
Walking stick: Mary Jo Shearer
XC ski book: Mike Colson
Backpacking book: Larry Troester
Fleece blanket: Vanita Bries
Freeze-dried dessert for 4: Dan Ernst
Frisbee collection: Ellen Reisch
Sierra Club calendar: Sheila Schultz

The Roosevelt Middle School youth, parents, and teachers arrived at Dick and Jane Worm's Faraway Farm at 11:30 AM. A hike to climb up onto the Rock Column; and lunch on the river bluff were followed by a hike back along the bluff to a step descent to the outwash delta at the edge of the Mississippi River where the youth picked up trash left by high water. A barrel was left there for later extrication. A trail led the youth up along a gully back to the pond where pumpkin carving took place. Highlights during the hike included a spider tree; "tete de morts" rocks; a gigantic cottonwood tree, and acorn whistles.

The Fund Raising aspect of the Dinner included:
106 dinners served
$920 from meals and cash contributions
$139 from calendar sales
Income of $1059.
Expenses included $25 for use of the First Congregational Church social room and kitchen and $125 for food.
Net income = $909
After paying for the calendar order, the checking account balance on Nov. 6 was $85.36. Current balance is $994.36.

Program about Everest Base Camp Trek in Nepal had only one glitch: click of wrong key took program back to beginning--for a quick review before the test!

Interpretive Sign at Mines of Spain

...that the White Pine Group/Sierra Club helped purchase with a $200 donation

You asked about the interpretive sign that the Sierra Club helped in purchasing: it is on the Pine Chapel Trail over at the EB Lyons Interpretive Center. I felt it would get good use there. The sign talks about the various types of habitats in the park, i.e. prairies, forests, wetlands. If you go down the Pine Chapel Trail from the center, the sign is at the bottom of the hill near four benches. I plan to put concrete around the base of it when we have the funding and time.

Thanks for checking on this sign. We put all new signs on the center trails and at the JD Monument. They have all been well-received.

Wayne Buchholtz/Park Ranger
Mines of Spain Recreation Area

Winter Outings, Events, and Meeting/Programs

2010 White Pine Group, Sierra Club

December 11 (Saturday)
 Keough Indian Mounds Hike
Charlie Winterwood will lead a short hike at this site. Meet just east of the Hy-Vee gas pumps at the north end of the Hy-Vee parking lot on South Locust St. in Dubuque (near the US 20 Illinois bridge) at 9 AM to carpool to the Indian Mounds location. Those of us with showshoes will blaze a trail as needed. Plan is to return to Hy-Vee by noon. Contact Charlie Winterwood.

December 13-14 (Monday night - early Tuesday)
Geminid Meteor Shower
See article elsewhere in this newsletter. Assuming the sky will be clear--and COLD, anyone want to try to winter tent out in the boonies at Faraway Farm that Monday night--to watch the display from near a warming fire? Contact Dick (Frozen Toe Tip) Worm.

January 15 (Saturday)
Bald Eagle Watch
Grand River Center, Port of Dubuque. 9 AM - 4:30 PM. Raptor programs at 9:30, 12:15, and 3:00. Pella Wildlife Programs at 11 and 1:45. Shuttle to Eagle Viewing with scopes from 9-4 at Lock and Dam #11. Exhibits, vendors, and children's activities. [Audubon Society arranges volunteer help. Contact Nita.]

January 25 (Tuesday)
White Pine Group Meeting/Program
Utah's Fisher Towers and Escalante River Service Trips (& Goblin Valley)
Jim Fahrion and Dick Worm. 7 PM, St. Peter Lutheran Church, 3200 Asbury Road, Dubuque. Meeting follows the program. Trail work near the spectacular pillars of Fisher Towers and Russian Olive removal along the remote Escalante River are featured; as well as a side trip among uniquely shaped rock formations in Goblin Valley.

January 28-30 (Friday - Sunday)
White Pine Group Hosts Chapter Backbone State Park Cabins Outing
Two of the heated, 2-story cabins each with 2 bathrooms and 1 shower have been reserved (maximum of 11 people each.) One-night stays are $20, and two-night stays are $30. Five meals at $4/meal will be RSVP provided beginning with Friday night dinner. Half-price youth rates (age 12 and under) can be arranged. Enjoy frozen Backbone Lake directly down slope from the cabins. Trek via x-country skiing/snowshoeing/hiking around Backbone Lake; trek to and on the Backbone ridge and its Devil's Oven; experience a thrilling Crevice Slide; trek to Richmond Spring and the Cave. RSVP for snowshoe provision. Enjoy evening campfires, table and card games, and conversation. Accommodations include four bedrooms with double beds; two single beds, two 2-person futons, and floor space and can be reserved on a reasonable, order-of-reservation basis. Several reservation requests have already been received, but space is still available, particularly for Friday night. Maps and logistical details will be provided prior to the event. Contact Dick Worm.

February 12 (Saturday)
Whitewater Canyon Cross-Country Ski/Snowshoe Outing along Whitewater Creek
Meet at 1 PM at the Whitewater Creek Wildlife Area parking lot. Follow signs southward onto D-53 and Curoe Road from US 151 between Sundown Road (Y-21) and Fillmore Park east-northeast of Cascade. For more specific details about the adventure, contact Bill Jamison. Snowshoes may be able to be provided via Swiss Valley Park (contact Dick Worm).

February 22 (Tuesday)
White Pine Group Meeting/Program
Border Route Trail (Northern Minnesota)
Seven days of backpacking (Sept. 14-20, 2010) were sandwiched between two days of day-hiking (Sept. 13 and 21) as White Pine Group members Wayne McDermott and Dick Worm experienced the wonders along the 65-mile Border Route Trail (BRT) that parallels the international border between Minnesota and Canada. The first 8.7 mile day-hike began at the far west end of the BRT and followed the Magnetic Rock Trail to that awesome slab pointing skyward; then progressed on to Loon Lake. The backpacked section, mainly through the Boundary Waters Canoe Area began near the east end of the BRT and went westward from McFarland Lake back to Loon Lake. The BRT campsites were BWCA camps along Pine, Clearwater (2), Rose, and Partridge Lakes. Spectacular, bluff top views into Canada across those and other, many lakes highlighted the colorful scenery. The rock column in front of a view of Rose, Rat, and South Lake used as the BRT trail marker "symbol" was the most satisfying "discovery" along the way. The final "campsite" was a truly primitive camp established near Bridal Veil Falls above Gunflint Lake. Among many other unique, natural features were the burned and sculptured tree trunks shaped by a recent forest fire. Much trail clearing maintenance was accomplished along the way. The final 12.3 mile day-hike began at the east end of the BRT and went westward back to McFarland Lake. Besides more woodland and bluff top views of the Swamp River and South Fowl Lake, a section of tail along the Pigeon River that there IS the border with Canada was a major attraction during that final day-hike. 'Twas a nice ending to an active summer.

Keep Dubuque County Clean and Green

Mark and reserve on your 2011 Sierra Club Calendar the date of Friday, April 15. The Banana Slug Band is coming to the Mines of Spain's E.B. Lyons Interpretive Center that evening as part of a possible late afternoon Eco Expo there. Booked by KDCCG. Others will get involved. Plan to join in on the fun!!

Butchie and Gary Thompson, besides their own personal motivations, have served as our White Pine Group ambassadors to the "Keep Dubuque County Clean and Green" organization since its inception. Four of our Sierra Group members were among the six KDCCG volunteers who did a Swiss Valley Road ditch clean-up from US 20 to the Nature Center entrance on Sunday afternoon, November 14. Among the "yet to be sorted and cleaned" three bags of recyclables (including a few large brown beer bottles that seem to always accumulate along that section of the road) and several other bags of general trash was the discovery of a discarded meth lab in two duffel bags. It was soon removed by the law enforcement security team that deals with such matters and contents provided a potential lead regarding the perpetrators. Butchie prepared the following report about KDCCG. Please consider supporting this organization by getting onto the mailing list and participating when you can.

In October 2006 we received a letter from the Dubuque Metropolitan Area Solid Waste agency and the City of Dubuque inviting us to an informational meeting on community beautifcation with an emphasis on litering. The litering part caught our eyes. We have been complaining for years about the trash along our roadways and decided that this might be a way to "put our money where our mouth is."

At the meeting Gerry Schnepf from Keep Iowa Beautiful talked about how we could organize and participate in community betterment programs by becoming an affiliate.

Keep Iowa Beautiful works to:
  1. Assist communities and organizations in cleanup and beautification projects by establishing rain gardens, combating invasive species, and conducting neighborhood paint-up events.
  2. Promote littering and illegal dumping enforcement.
  3. Increase public awareness of the costs of littering.
  4. Improve waste minimization and recycling.
  5. Help fund and provide beautification education programs.
We're happy to say that Keep Dubuque County Clean & Green was formed a year later. We are supported by the DMASWA through staff time and some financial assistance. Other agencies providing support and volunteers include Dubuque County Conservation Board, IDNR Mines of Spain, Public Works Dept., Police Dept., Sierra Club, Audubon Society, various neighborhood associations and the National Mississippi Museam.

Since then we have held numerous cleanups on streets, roads, and rivers; pushed for a covered load policy at our land fill; worked with the Green Vision Education program to help schools earn their litter-free patch; asked for Dubuque County's assistance to start an Adopt-a-Road program and affixed "No Dumping; Drains to River" label to the city's storm sewers with members of Green Dubuque. Currently our focus is on illegal dumping.

To learn more we have a wonderful web site created by our then 13-year-old member. Check it out! Also we would welcome new faces with fresh ideas.

Victory for Iowa's Water, Soils, Outdoors

From: Lynn Laws, Iowa Environmental Council
Sent: Wednesday, November 03, 2010 3:48 PM
To: Richard Worm

Yesterday's voters can tell tomorrow's grandchildren that they not only understood the long-term need to protect water quality and top soil in Iowa, they acted on behalf of their protection in an era when our country's political leaders often used only one, short-term measure of success--economic growth.

On November 2, in a year with a high turnout at the polls and Iowans divided on many issues, voters sent an overwhelming message of commitment to the protection of Iowa's natural resources. Almost two-thirds of Iowa voters approved an amendment to the Iowa constitution to create a Natural Resources and Outdoor Recreation Trust Fund.

The trust fund will begin to accrue an estimated $150 million a year the next time Iowa legislators approve a sales tax increase. A regular audit will be conducted to ensure monies are used only for specific conservation and recreation work as outlined in a bill passed earlier this year.

Coalition members of the campaign called Iowa Water and Land legacy are celebrating today. "This is a win for all Iowans," said Marian Riggs Gelb, executive director for the Iowa Environmental Council. "We can attribute this overwhelming victory to the power of coalition--of people working together to accomplish much more than anyone could alone," said Gelb.

One hundred and thirty organizations representing over 300,000 Iowans have worked together since 2005 to first, examine how best to create state funding for natural resources in a way that protected designated funds from being raided for other uses. Later the coalition worked to educate Iowans on how the money would be spent, to protect the intent of the fund by passing legislation that spells out the allocation of the funds, and to get out the vote.

"Much work is still ahead of us, but today is a day for celebrating," said Gelb.

New Blog: Chemistry and Nutrition

From: Alaine Jamison (Alaine teaches at East Dubuque High School)
Sent: Tuesday, October 19, 2010 3:07 PM
To: Richard Worm

Ever need a question answered about chemistry or nutrition? I have emailed my daughter, Tressa, at various times with questions students ask or statements they make, such as, "Is eating margarine like eating plastic?" or, "Why not heat your food with plastic wrap around it?"

She gives me her scientific answer and my students are pleased to get the correct info. So Tressa has decided to set up a blog to answer such questions. See the email below if you want the address and shoot her an email of something you always wanted to know.

- Alaine

From: Tressa Allington

Hey Mom,

By popular demand, here's my new blog:

I even cited your class on here. You could invite your foods class to submit questions if you want. Although, I'm not sure if the "submit question" function is working. Also, feel free to forward to all of your health nut friends, bike club, Sierra Club, the works.


An E-newsletter and/or an Outings Website

Anyone locally with website or desktop publishing knowledge is encouraged to contact Alaine Jamison.

From: Alaine Jamison
Sent: Friday, November 12, 2010 1:23 PM
To: Richard Worm

For the newsletter, I would still like to get something developed for a website or e-newsletter for those wanting to go with that. It could save some of the club's funds to do something besides buy stamps, maybe plant a few trees or other signage. Environmentally it would be better as well and pictures would be clearer and in color, too.

Geminid Meteor Shower Defies Explanation

Space Weather News

Dec. 6, 2010: The Geminid meteor shower, which peaks this year on Dec. 13th and 14th, is the most intense meteor shower of the year. It lasts for days, is rich in fireballs, and can be seen from almost any point on Earth.

It's also NASA astronomer Bill Cooke's favorite meteor shower--but not for any of the reasons listed above.

"The Geminids are my favorite," he explains, "because they defy explanation."

Most meteor showers come from comets, which spew ample meteoroids for a night of 'shooting stars.' The Geminids are different. The parent is not a comet but a weird rocky object named 3200 Phaethon that sheds very little dusty debris--not nearly enough to explain the Geminids.

"Of all the debris streams Earth passes through every year, the Geminids' is by far the most massive," says Cooke. "When we add up the amount of dust in the Geminid stream, it outweighs the other streams by factors of 5 to 500."

This makes the Geminids the 900-lb gorilla of meteor showers. Yet 3200 Phaethon is more of a 98-lb weakling.

3200 Phaethon was discovered in 1983 by NASA's IRAS satellite and promptly classified as an asteroid. What else could it be? It did not have a tail; its orbit intersected the main asteroid belt; and its colors strongly resembled that of other asteroids. Indeed, 3200 Phaethon resembles main belt asteroid Pallas so much, it might be a 5-kilometer chip off that 544 km block.

"If 3200 Phaethon broke apart from asteroid Pallas, as some researchers believe, then Geminid meteoroids might be debris from the breakup," speculates Cooke. "But that doesn't agree with other things we know."

Researchers have looked carefully at the orbits of Geminid meteoroids and concluded that they were ejected from 3200 Phaethon when Phaethon was close to the sun--not when it was out in the asteroid belt breaking up with Pallas. The eccentric orbit of 3200 Phaethon brings it well inside the orbit of Mercury every 1.4 years. The rocky body thus receives a regular blast of solar heating that might boil jets of dust into the Geminid stream.

Could this be the answer?

To test the hypothesis, researchers turned to NASA's twin STEREO spacecraft, which are designed to study solar activity. Coronagraphs onboard STEREO can detect sungrazing asteroids and comets, and in June 2009 they detected 3200 Phaethon only 15 solar diameters from the sun's surface.

What happened next surprised UCLA planetary scientists David Jewitt and Jing Li, who analyzed the data. "3200 Phaethon unexpectedly brightened by a factor of two," they wrote. "The most likely explanation is that Phaethon ejected dust, perhaps in response to a break-down of surface rocks (through thermal fracture and decomposition cracking of hydrated minerals) in the intense heat of the Sun."

Jewitt and Li's "rock comet" hypothesis is compelling, but they point out a problem: The amount of dust 3200 Phaethon ejected during its 2009 sun-encounter added a mere 0.01% to the mass of the Geminid debris stream--not nearly enough to keep the stream replenished over time. Perhaps the rock comet was more active in the past...?

"We just don't know," says Cooke. "Every new thing we learn about the Geminids seems to deepen the mystery."

This month Earth will pass through the Geminid debris stream, producing as many as 120 meteors per hour over dark-sky sites. The best time to look is probably between local midnight and sunrise on Tuesday, Dec. 14th, when the Moon is low and the constellation Gemini is high overhead, spitting bright Geminids across a sparkling starry sky.

Bundle up, go outside, and savor the mystery.

DNR Investigates Fish Kill in Dubuque County

Iowa Sierra Club, December 2, 2010
MEDIA CONTACT: Rick Martens at Manchester DNR field office

BERNARD--Surface-applied manure from Bernard County Dairy on a partially frozen 40-acre field west of Bernard resulted in runoff that killed more than 2,000 fish in an unnamed stream following rains on Monday.

DNR investigation revealed that factors contributing to the manure runoff were minimal corn stock residue, field slope, inadequate separation distances, limited manure incorporation and not checking the area for recent drainage improvements. The manure applicator was Gansen Pumping, Inc. of Zwingle.

Dead fish included minnows, shiners, chubs, suckers, dace and a few sunfish. No game fish were killed.

"This incident highlights the need for manure application planning and for choosing low risk areas for application," said DNR Environmental Specialist Rick Martens.

The DNR will continue to monitor the situation and consider enforcement action.

EXCOM Election

The terms of three of our Group's EXCOM members expire at the end of this year: Charlie Winterwood, Dick Worm, and Bill Jamison. So, for 2011, an odd-numbered year, we are to elect three EXCOM members. Three members have graciously volunteered to have their names placed on the ballot. Vote for three and space is provided for write-in options. (Offer YOUR name for the ballot next year!)

The Sierra Club takes pride in being one of only a very few grassroots organizations holding member elections for its volunteer leadership by sending ballots to ALL of its membership for a particular Club entity.

Program and outing ideas are also welcome!! Jot some down as your ideas may help stimulate some new thinking and active participation.

An extra ballot is included for two-member residences. If we failed to catch that for you, let us know and we can provide the additional ballot.

No matter your level of participation, THANKS for being a valued member supporting "the cause."
  • Charlie Winterwood: Current and long-time Chair of the Group who handles most of the environmental action within the Group. Field Trip coordinator for the Audubon Society and bird identification expert.
  • Gary Thompson: Former EXCOM member willing to serve again. Active with Keep Dubuque County Clean and Green. Participates in most Group Outings and enjoys kayaking, bicycling, and travel.
  • Dick Worm: Current Newsletter and Membership Chair with interests in wilderness and service trip adventures. Willing to organize distant LOCO Folks & Sierra Outings. More of John Muir Trail in CA in 2011.
Mail the ballot and suggestions for Group activities and operations by January 15, 2011 to Jim Fahrion. Thanks--your support and participation is appreciated.

    White Pine Group EXCOM, 2010

    Charlie Winterwood, Chair
    Jim Fahrion, Vice Chair
    Dick Worm, Newsletter/Membership
    Barb Cooey
    Bill Jamison

    Appointed officers:
    Secretary/Turkey Dinner Fundraiser: Jane Worm
    Outings: Gary Thompson
    Treasurer: Mike Muir
    Conservation: Gretel Winterwood
    Publicity: Carol Thompson

    2011 EXCOM Election

    The White Pine Group EXCOM election ballots for 2011 are included with this newsletter. Please vote and use the same mailing opportunity to suggest outing, program, or project ideas. You DO have ideas for activity & involvement. The 2-year terms for Charlie, Dick, and Bill expire, and Sierra Club's unique, grass-roots elections encourage more candidates than positions available. No joke! RSVP.

    Autumn Outing Reports

    To "Explore and Enjoy" are major aspects of active Sierra Club membership. Our Group provides opportunities to achieve those ends. Brief reports describe outings and adventures that may also encourage action to "Protect." Send us a report on an exploration that you have enjoyed?

    Border Route Trail, MN (9/12-22)
    Meeting/Program topic on February 22. Good weather and scenic; but WAS a challenge at times!

    Kaufman Ave. Prairie Work Day (11/18)
    Work canceled due to weather but explored, anyway! Jim reported not aware such existed in Dubuque.

    Autumnal Equinox Full Moon & Jupiter Hike at Mines of Spain (11/23)
    Cloudy & drizzly so didn't hike. It happens! An RSVP helps.

    Yellow River SF/Unit Hike & Natural Gait Cave Concert (10/9)
    Got directions to a trail to overlooks of the Yellow River Valley. Off-trail, found a short crevice to explore & a unique tree with scars where it once grew into the rock bluff next to it! The Natural Gait's Black Forest Trail was "dark and dense" but had neat wildlife plaques along the way. The Michelle Lynn Cave Concert up on an Ion Exchange bluff face enjoyed perfect autumn weather. Camped 11/8 at N. Gait.

    Namekagon River Tip (10/15-20)
    Canoed 68 miles from Hayward, WI, to Riverside Landing (on the St. Croix River.) Light drizzle for a few minutes the final day. Good shoreline wilderness campsites each night. Saw turtles, otters, eagles, ducks, geese. Negotiated "rapids" and big rocks without mishap. Only a couple of very short step-out-of-the-canoe needs. Good Trego Dam portage.

    Ram Hollow/Hoffman DNR Wildlife Area Hike (11/13)
    Weather looked questionable, but the rain held off as six intrepid hikers crossed the Trout Stream east of Colesburg; climbed to an impressive rock outcrop, crossed another small stream, investigated a rock wall and related rock gap; noted a gigantic sinkhole; followed a previously recorded GPS setting to an impressive rocky gorge lined by a couple of cliff face caves and gigantic White Pine trees; collected five bags of trash at a GPS-recorded old dump site; and carried the bags back to the parking area. Mission accomplished!

    Finley's Landing Hike (11/21)
    Six folks crossed a bridge at this Dubuque County Park to reach a ridge above the Mississippi River shore; circled to a beaver-gnawed woodland & high prairie; and partook of brats on a sandy beach.